Its goal was to defend parliamentary democracy against internal subversion and extremism from the left and right, to teach the population to respect the new Republic, to honor its flag and the constitution. Its name is derived from the Flag of Germany adopted in 1919, the colors of which were associated with liberal parliamentary democracy and the republic.
While the Reichsbanner was set up as a multiparty organization, it came to be strongly associated with the Social Democratic Party and viewed as their paramilitary force. The headquarters of the Reichsbanner was located in Magdeburg, but it had branches elsewhere.
Reichsbanner parade in Berlin, August 11, 1929 (Bundesarchiv)
Friedrich Otto Hörsing, Reichsbanner Federal Leader,
speaking at the Constitution festival in Berlin.
August 11, 1929 (Bundesarchiv)